Type 2 Diabetes


Lt Col Phillips
Type 2 diabetes is another condition that has been linked to obesity. When we eat, food is converted into glucose and then distributed throughout the cells of the body. Our cells use a hormone called insulin to turn glucose into energy.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when insulin isn’t used properly by the cells. To make up for this, the body begins making more insulin, though eventually the body cannot create enough to control the blood sugar level.

Lt Col Reynolds
Over time, type 2 diabetes can lead to a variety of conditions, such as problems with the kidneys, nerves, feet, and eyes. Having diabetes can also increase the risk for heart disease and bone and joint disorders. Other long-term complications of diabetes include skin problems, digestive problems, sexual dysfunction, and problems with teeth and gums.

Diabetes is the leading cause of premature death in adults,[1] and those who have type 2 diabetes are often overweight or obese.

[1] “Obesity and Socioeconomic Status in Adults: United States, 2005–2008,” CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db50.htm, accessed July 7, 2016.